Berkano often comes up for me as a protective Rune in galdr-song, and it does this in the role of the protective mother. Berkano is a feminine Rune connected to motherhood, pregnancy, birth, nurture, nourishment, shelter, new ideas, new beginnings, and related life changes such as weddings, funerals, or coming of age. I believe Berkano also to be associated with the Disir, the Matronae, and the Norns, including the group of women souls (and birth planners) who help the Norns with the work of overseeing ørlög. The Disir are strong matriarchs within the ancestral line of Norse clans, and they have also been associated with the Valkyries, Norns, and Vaettir, or land spirits. The Matronae are mother goddesses, appearing in groups of three, worshipped in areas of Germania, Eastern Gaul, and Northern Italy that were occupied by the Roman army from the first century to the fifth. These beings represent the female principle in her fullest empowerment.

In pre-Christian and pre-patriarchal times, women managed the tribes and the villages while the men were away at hunting or war. The Nordic women were practical, efficient, productive, and expedient. They had to make all the hours of the day count for taking care of children and the elderly; the animals who supplied meat, milk, and wool; the crops which would be needed to eat through the cold months; and the washing, spinning, and weaving of the wool and flax into the clothing for the kindred. The point is that women of those times were as respected and as capable as men in any area of life, and that women are not less now, nor should have ever been so regarded at any point in history. In fact women were stronger, as it was their role to bear life, and this they did without the modern advantages of hospitals, pain medication, or cesarean section.

When Berkano shows up with Perthro it is indicative of the women’s mysteries. Ancient ways of feminine initiation included birth and birthing rites; coming of age for young women upon the first menses; there were gender specific rituals that were used by the gythia (priestess) for those women who accompanied the men to war or on the hunt; and marital and death rites. Death was a fact of life for the Northern peoples; they considered women who had born living children to have come near the realm of death and returned. Women held a special power to work with the spirits through the practice of seidr, galdr, or shamanism. [See GNG Definitions] These powers would have been used to nurture the livestock and crops, calm the powers of life threatening storms, locate animals for the hunters, and as charms for good luck and protection put into the weaving of clothing and the processing of food.



Teiwaz, also known as Tyr, bears the name of the warrior god who sacrificed his hand to chain the wolf of greed (Fenris Wolf), thereby gaining more time for the existence of the world, because this wolf has the power to consume the world. Tiwaz is a warrior Rune of sacrifice, impeccability, the inner discipline of integrity, and the understanding that sometimes one must be the instrument of betrayal of trust for the greater good.

Let me start by defining the names, as they add depth of meaning to the story. Etymologically, the name Tyr is linked to ancient words for gods: Teiwaz; Ziu; Indo-European counterparts Zeus, Dyaus, and Jupiter; and words for “god” – Old Indian deva, Latin dei, and old Norse tívar (the plural of tyr).[1] A second meaning of Tyr’s name is “Beast” or “Animal.”[2] “Fenrisulfr” translates literally as the “Wolf of Greed.” [3] In this tale, the ancient poets bring together Tyr and Fenris as the mirrored aspects of passion: that which makes courageous sacrifices, and that which craves power and material goods.[4] These mirrored qualities of the human soul struggle within the warrior spirit – a paradox of integrity.

Fenris was one of three children of Loki, the Trickster God of the Aesir, by Angraboda, Hagia (head witch) of the Iron Wood in Jötunheim, home of the giants. Foreseeing the potential in these three children for great harm, All-Father Odin bound the Serpent Jörmundgand into the waters surrounding Midgard; sent their daughter, Hela, to her place overseeing the dead in Helheim (her appearance as half-corpse, half-young beauty reveals her power between death and life, the Other World and this one); and the Fenris Wolf. Whatever his reasons, Odin took Fenris to Asgard to rear among the Aesir. Tyr was given the care of this animal, and as the Wolf grew, his appetite became larger and larger.

The Aesir feared Fenris Wolf and desired to have him chained. They tried three times. Twice the wolf broke his fetters. The third time the Aesir commissioned the dwarves to make a very special chain that the wolf could not break. By this time, however, Fenris was mistrustful of the new chain, which was light and flexible, and refused to test his strength against it no matter how the Aesir cajoled him. Only when Tyr, who had fed and befriended the wolf, offered to put his hand in the wolf’s mouth as assurance against trickery, did the wolf agree to let him self be bound.

Try as he might, Fenris could not free himself from the new chain. He bit off Tyr’s hand at the wrist, and the Aesir laughed. Tyr, also called the Just, in sacrificing his hand, had brought a greater good to the larger number of people with his betrayal of the wolf. The Aesir themselves, representing as they do the higher mind, lied and tricked the wolf into testing the new fetters. The paradox in the story is the price one pays to do the right thing. The effort to do the right thing co-exists with the voice of self-deception. We have seen in the story how the higher mind, represented by the Aesir, lied and deceived the wolf, which lives within each of us.

There is fear behind greed: fear that there will not be enough, fear of loss, fears that the warrior in each of us must keep in check through self-knowledge, discipline, and temperance. Tyr was given the task of standing watch over greed. The greater group of the Aesir, warriors all, could not overcome its fear, and decided the wolf must be bound. Tyr, who knew how to feed the wolf, fed the wolf his hand, a part of himself, in the task of binding the wolf.

There is an old story attributed to the Native American Indians that has a grandfather talking to his grandson. “Within each of us, grandson, live two wolves. One is fearless and industrious. The other one is lazy and greedy.” “How will I know which wolf will win, Grandfather?” asks the boy. “The one you feed will win,” the Grandfather sagely tells his grandson. I believe that Tyr fed the wolf that part of himself that could rise above betrayal as long as life conditions were right. But when life conditions became untenable, he had to act against his own nature for the greater good.

This Rune is about impeccability – doing our best and being our best, especially under trying situations. It is about holding our own integrity, even when the choices within the circumstances we are facing may lead to poor outcomes. Tiwaz is the rune of warriors and soldiers, those who have fought for survival, and spiritual warriors. Tiwaz is about keeping your head high and doing what you know is right, even against the odds. Tyr sacrificed his sword hand, which was also his oath taking hand, in a mythology wherein one needs to be physically whole in order to be a leader. His sacrifice included betrayal. The pain of betrayal becomes shame a man of integrity must then live with, even knowing his action led to a greater good.

Tyr is the wounded warrior. I feel we must be mindful of those modern soldiers who return home from war, wounded in mind and/or body, betrayed by a government system (VA) that fails to meet their needs, or the Vietnam veterans who came home and were despised because the war they fought in was despised. Whether we the people agree with the reasons our government sent these soldiers to war, they went forward, putting their lives and their wellbeing on the line for the nation. They deserve honor and our respect for that. American leadership needs to step up and repair its damaged word to its wounded veterans.

Tiwaz’s appearance within a reading may indicate a soldier, the need for a warrior’s approach, a call for integrity of purpose, honor and justice, keeping one’s word, choosing the best course of action from contradictory choices, or justice. I did one reading in which Tiwaz turned up amidst romantic Runes, and the woman’s fiancé was a soldier. The battle one faces might be a real war; it might be in the legal, marital, or political realms; or contained within one’s job situation. There are also battles to overcome serious, life threatening diseases that demand one’s entire inner temperance and fortitude. I am inspired by those who survive years of debilitating cancers with a smile and cheerful attitude despite their pain. One has said that her bones feel better when she remains in a state of laughter. Another turns to her inner artist to keep going. I believe that every human being has some special purpose to honor. Tiwaz energizes us to keep going.

[1] Kvilhaug, p. 350

[2] ibid., p. 350

[3] ibid., p. 344

[4] Ibid., p. 351



Sowelo corresponds to the Sun, bringer of light and sustainer of life, whose warmth and light call forth the seed waiting quietly in the soil until the warm Sun of spring informs it of its time to be born. The Sun is a sphere, and as such, its emanations are felt from all directions. To the Norse, this was a powerful victory Rune. I think of its appearance as making the impossible possible. The figure, drawn like a zigzag, indicates the flow of energy activated by this Rune, moving in a spiral motion every which way throughout every situation, refreshing and enlivening. Also known as SOL, Sowelo relates to our higher self, seeking conscious becoming from the depths of the subconscious. From a shamanist viewpoint, Sowelo’s energy as a figure-eight on the horizontal plane interacts perpendicularly with its energy as a figure-eight on the vertical plane, spinning like a top, revolving from a vortex, pushing outward and upward, contracting back to its point of origin in a repetitive process, causing unusual and unexpected things to happen.[1] This Rune is the light in the darkness that enables one to see one’s way with greater clarity. It enables one to see the hidden potentials within one’s own being, activating hope and ultimate success. In a reading this Rune is almost always beneficial, as it has no reverse position.

Thus ends the second ÆTT which began with Runes for disaster and ends up with the most optimistic Rune of all, but getting through the difficulties presented by the earlier situation have meant life challenges and the growth of one’s will. Hagalaz present the sudden change, Nauthiz is the dire need directing one to the knowledge of what is needed to overcome the difficulty, and Isa represents the time of stopping and waiting for the obstacles to clear and be overcome. Jera, too, speaks to the need for waiting, but its term of waiting is for the results of your period of work to culminate in the harvest. Eihwaz connects us to both sides of the doing, as it represents upward and downward motion along the trunk of the Tree of Life, as Algiz represents the root and the branches crowning the Tree. Perthro, and the Norns, represent those unknown and un-nameable factors that arise within the situation. If you are given timely advice and are willing to do the work advised, you will be given help from above. Otherwise, don’t bother the gods. The Sowelo, like Perthro, represents the unseen forces that contribute to the outcome of any situation. Unlike Perthro, it is always optimistic and can make what seems impossible, possible.

[1] Meadows, Kenneth. Rune Power. P 81.



Algiz is the horns of the deer, elk, and aurochs, or the crown of the trees. The crown is the apex. A person’s crown is felt as a dense energy at the top of the head when the crown chakra is active. The crown chakra connects us to Source; communion with Source is possible for all of us without the need of priestly or clerical mediators. The connection to the Divine suggests protection of the sort that comes from knowledge of higher consciousness. If you have that, you will know what to do in any situation, threatening or otherwise. Thus this Rune can mean awakening to the life of higher consciousness, connection to the gods, or depending on the Runes surrounding it in the layout, hidden danger or loss of connectivity to divine forces. When I am reading for myself in relation to a question on my own soul work, when this Rune shows up reversed, I know I need to be more grounded. After all, the branches of the crown of the tree have their counterpart in the root system. There is a Tree Meditation we have taught that centers and grounds us and helps us to be more present to life. In this manner we gain energy, continuity, and are more receptive to receiving our guidance. A higher level of protection comes in when we have the capacity to receive and accept guidance and hold our light.

However, we are not always in an inner state to hold our light strong in the outer world, therefore… In a practical Rune reading, this Rune upright usually means that you have protection concerning the inquiry you asked about. It can also mean friendship, a new business opportunity or other type of good fortune, with beneficial outcomes all around. If a threat does arise, you will have a strong premonition that will help you to counteract that threat. Algiz reversed can mean that you are in a particular state of vulnerability, of making a sacrifice with no gain, or that you are in some manner being deceived or held as a scapegoat for other people’s failures.



Perthro is the Mystery Rune associated with the Norns, ørlög, and the Unknown. It can be a Rune of omens, evolutionary change, or conversely addiction and stagnation. Another meaning of Perthro is “lockbox,” a Rune of games of chance, gambling, and luck. If this Rune shows up in a reading, it may mean don’t ask further questions. If you cannot clarify the meaning, stop asking. Yet as a person who has been taught by the Norns, I have learned that careful questioning during a divination can smooth the way to make the best choices to work through ørlög situations. Help will be given unless this is a spiritual test for the questioner. The key to questioning the Norns is a sincere willingness to do the work required with these conditions. Come to the work with an appropriate measure of humility. After all, we are talking about working through karmic (ørlög) conditions in terms of spiritual evolution, and usually these are problems we have caused our selves.

I also believe that the Rune Perthro refers to the well of the Norns, who are responsible for watering the World Tree from Urdr’s Well in Asgard. During one of my meditations with the Tree Yggdrasil, I learned that it is a very old symbol of divine awareness. To the people of ancient times dwelling amidst the ancient forests, trees were known to be conscious beings with which one could communicate, so a Tree of Life as a symbol for conscious awareness makes a lot of sense. Yggdrasil combines within itself all the elements of life throughout the biospheres, as do you and I. During the winter I studied the element of fire, I learned that all the elements integrate with each other, and have their analogs in the human condition. Fire is the analog of thought, as the element of water is to emotion. These two elements seem to oppose each other, yet at a point in our spiritual evolution, we come to the sacred marriage when thought and emotion are realized as opposite faces of the same coin.

The element of water features prominently in the Tree, from the oceans of Midgard, to the frozen waters of Niflheim, with the water vapor rising in the mornings and falling as dew in the valleys. The water from the Tree runs down to the root, condenses into rain, rises to the top of the tree as clouds, and supplies all the Worlds of Yggdrasil with the vital waters for life. There are three wells on Yggdrasil’s worlds: Urdr’s Brunner, Mimir’s Well, and Hvergelmer. I have seen in Vision these three wells merging into one well, and these too have their analog in a human being. The Rune itself looks like a well set on its side to pour water out. I think of it as the Well of the Water of Life that waters the Earth. Emotions are being. What we want we consciously or unconsciously draw toward us, and desire leads to manifesting life experience, which complicates us in ørlög situations. What goes around, comes around.



Eihwaz, also known as Eolh, or Elk Sedge, a marsh plant, is one of two Runes used for protection and defense; the other is Algiz. The protective and defensive quality lies within the energy of the Rune itself, which contains within itself what is needed for defense, as the horns of the deer or the sharp edges of the Elk Sedge. Eihwaz is the flow of energy from the root to the crown and back again along Yggdrasil, the Tree of Life and Worlds, and in the energy system of the human body running vertically up and down the spine – Barbara Ann Brennan’s Universal Energy Core. It represents the connection and the connectivity between opposite extremes: life and death, conscious and unconscious, dreams and waking consciousness, the recycling of life itself, and the movement between polar opposites. No energy is ever lost, it moves into a new form. It might be considered that which connects two opposing forces in divine Paradox. What is this Paradox? Everywhere in life we see opposites. The Paradox is the blending of the forces: the higher with the lower or the lower with the corresponding higher. I hate, I love – forgiveness brings the transformation. Whenever Eihwaz shows up, take heart, there is work to be done, but there is hope for the situation.

At its highest level, Eihwaz can mean enlightenment. The status of enlightenment is one of harmonious growth and development between human knowledge and being, between the intellect and the emotions, which results in understanding. We may not all attain the Enlightenment of a Buddha, but each time we gain understanding, we say we have gained in enlightenment or illumination. This letting in of understanding is a by-product of experience, and the knowledge we have gained based upon that experience. I feel it important here to mention the process inherent in the Runes as a pathway to conscious being is the flow between thought and memory that defines and enhances our experience via the process of Reason. The clues are there in the Lore for us to find – for example, Odin’s Ravens, Huginn and Muninn, who were given to him by Mother Hulde.[1]

In the Rune work the starting point is the self. Remember that Odin sacrificed himself to himself in taking up the Runes. Self knowledge lies at the heart of the matter, and no matter what events occur at any given point in time in our Outer World or Inner World, there is a stillpoint we come back to: our indwelling center. Eihwaz, like Sowelo, is a Rune that formed the base of the Solar Wheel, or a sky wheel denoting the movement of energy, whether solar, storm, or wind. The eye is at the heart of a hurricane. Like the eye of a hurricane, there can always be a part of the self that holds its stillness through the storms of life. This is the defense offered by this Rune: within us is always that still center from which we can choose how to respond to situations. We are the deciders, and then the doers.

[1] Aswyn, Freyja. Northern Mysteries & Magic.



Jera’s traditional interpretation means harvest, harvest time, or the period of a year. I have found Jera, as the year, to be inclusive also of seasonal activities, cycles, and the idea that “what comes around, goes around,” in accord with the laws of nature and of humanity. This lends Jera a judicial interpretation: lawful action leading to lawful consequences. Jera can indicate a period of time during which one works patiently towards a specific outcome that cannot be rushed. In this manner the farmer tends the planting from spring until harvest-time, weeding, watering, and fertilizing the garden until the fruits and vegetables mature. The outcome of the harvest will be what sustains you. When I was a dairy farmer, we made the field grass into hay for the cattle stored against the winter months, and in return the cattle offered us the sustenance of milk and meat. To summarize, Jera can indicate a time of waiting; with careful planning and hard work during the time of waiting, one can realize a beneficial outcome. When Jera comes up in a reading, it can mean the result the person is looking for will time itself around late summer to early fall. For those who do energy work with the Runes, the application of Jera as harvest may bring a good outcome to a healing.

Jera’s connection to the year and the seasons connects us ceremonial applications around the solstices and equinoxes. A year is the length of time that the Earth revolves around the Sun, giving it also a relationship to Raidho, the Rune attuned to the rhythms and cycles of the stars and planetary bodies. In fact we get our concept of the passage of time from the heavenly bodies. A month is the moon’s cycle through its faces as it orbits Earth; the changing faces of the Moon are the result of its position between the Earth and the Sun on any given night. (The cycles of day and night relate to the Rune Dagaz, which falls in the third Ætt of the Futhark). In ancient times, humans were attuned to these natural rhythms, and they used the heavenly bodies to navigate the oceans and rivers. The placement of the stars, sun and moon set their course. During the passage of a year, humans traditionally honor the passage of the seasons, bringing families and friends together for our health and mental wellbeing. When we are feeling out of sorts with life, Jera can indicate it is a good time to honor the old ways of the seasons to attend to and retune our biological rhythms and physical-emotional welfare.


ISA: I was considering the fullness of Isa’s essence today, and I realized that Hagal’s AEtt recreates sequential patterns of the weather and speaks to the timing of the seasons. The temperature is usually a little warmer prior to and during a storm. The Needfire speaks to the effort required for human survival, but also for the bit of warm before the temperature drops and the wetter snow then freezes into Ice. Ice and the winter season create many unseen dangers, but also offer limitless beauty. Something within us rises above the troubles and has the potential to tap into the relativity of life. The peaceful new snowfall dressing trees in filigreed lace offers the human spirit-soul complex a place of rest. Everything stops. Activity is frozen like the surrounding world. Winter becomes a season for poets and philosophers.

The dangers of Isa require survival knowledge, preparation, and hard work. If the preparation is made – food stored against lack, a well stocked wood pile, secure shelter, and the skills to work with the Ice instead of against it, people can get by well indeed. My Nordic ancestors developed the skills of skiing and skating to get around in Northern winters. The North American tribes developed snowshoeing.

Isa’s dangers are hidden. The old tribes people knew that falling asleep from the cold outdoors risked never waking up. Hidden ice could lead to broken bones in a situation wherein reaching help might be impossible. Food was harder to come by. In modern times black ice on the roads threatens a car wreck. Wintertime slows us down and delays our plans; travel requires careful attention. Wintertime is the traditional season of rest and renewal. Instead of rushing around, when I surrender to the season, I myself feel more rested and renewed. Winter is a time when plants put more energy into their roots than into their branches – a tree’s strongly rooted connection to Earth can save its life during this season of high winds and the freezing of water in the trunk. Winter is a time for choices – am I willing to slow down and surrender to the pace of the season? Or push the pace, feeling impatient and frustrated when I cannot move quickly enough?

Ice as the solid manifestation of water represents the shape shifting qualities of this Rune. Ice is reflective; ice can mirror what is going on inside of us. Ice can reveal the many divergent fragments of our selves that we need to integrate. Frozen water like frozen or repressed memories and emotions reveals aspects of a person that they had long forgotten or buried. Emotional thawing, like water thawing, can be utilized for the growth and nourishment of being and becoming. If we are sincere about our spiritual growth, at some point we will trot out those old emotions for Life Review. Contemplation upon memories and experiences can teach us about our selves, about life, and give us the wisdom of self-knowledge. While we have time to be still, we can thus utilize the time while we wait. We can dedicate that time to personal growth and development.
The solidity of Isa provides structure. The slow movement of ice can force you into yourself to see what you have not wanted to see before now, bringing structure out of chaos. Issues you had not been willing to face thaw out of the reflection of Isa at this time, forcing you into yourself until something changes, transforms, and you find yourself new, reborn as in the springtime. It offers the power to think, act, and experience for yourself.

The tasks of the winter months are those one has not time for during the planting, tending, and harvesting the crops. Traditionally, these tasks would have included spinning the wool and weaving or knitting it into useful garments. Time working with one’s hands provides ample opportunity for meditation, reflection, and contemplation: a time to examine one’s self, one’s feelings, and allow the blending of emotion and thought toward useful knowledge, or the summing up of life’s lessons. What lies in the silence of our hearts? Ice, with its qualities of silence and reflection, can teach us much while we wait for the spring thaw.


NAUTHIZ, the “Need Rune,” translates as “Needfire,” and represents the Bow Drill, an ancient tool for fire making the fire essential to saving and maintaining life during long, icy northern winters. Following the Rune Hagalaz in the Rune Row, Nauthiz indicates severe constraint and hardship; its very essence helps determine the solution to the need.

Nauthiz as a Rune of Time connects one to the Norns, and represents those things that contribute to the development of character: delay, constraint, limitation, oppression, affliction, illness, lack of vitality, money, or other resources. The difficulty of Nauthiz can best be overcome by developing a wait and see attitude, and the practice of patience and endurance. When Nauthiz shows up in a reading, the questioner is undergoing a trial by fire that could result in the further development of their character.

Nauthiz is not a lucky Rune, but if one comes to the Rune with an accepting and willing attitude the solutions to the problems will make themselves known, offering knowledge of the necessary actions to get out of the difficulty. If Nauthiz shows up reversed, the best position to take is one of total honesty and open communication with all involved parties. This is a situation where more face will be saved by owning the mistake than trying to place blame on another party. Nauthiz can also mean continuing hardship, karmic debt or Ørlög to pay off through suffering, melancholy or depression.

Rather than to be regarded as “evil” this Rune can represent the displacement of a great force – what is favorable within one set of circumstances may prove stressful in another. Overcoming Nauthiz means a period of hard work, attention to detail, and perseverance.


HAGALAZ begins the second Rune Row, and Hagalaz is a complex Rune of transformation, containing all the challenges of life, that if overcome can lead to one’s highest potential. Hagal is the hailstorm that threatens crops and can mean even life threatening storms: whiteouts, blizzards, sudden snow squalls that blind one to the path.

The keys to working with Hagalaz and the other seven Runes that accompany Hagal’s Ætt are surrender and acceptance. The power of the storm is greater than any one human being’s effort to advance against it. It is wisdom to stop one’s activities and take stock of the lay of the land: Where is shelter? What advance can be made, if any, against the forces arrayed against one? Sometimes it is better to conserve what one has gained, and rest to fight another day. The Runes that follow Hagalaz provide the information that is needed (Nauthiz) to resolve the problem after a concentrated time of taking stock (Isa). More will be said at the end of the commentary on this Rune row.

With Hagalaz the challenges presented by life through limitation, delay, disruption, sudden change, and events outside of our control arise. Hagal interprets as “hailstone,” the snow or seed crystal, the germ within the sudden transformational storm. Hagalaz is strongly connected to natural causes, disruptions, limitations, and delays. Life disruptions may be weddings, death, illness, birth, or random acts of Nature. Happiness may be found by learning to live within these limitations. Hagalaz also can mean a sudden change brought about by hard work or taking a calculated gamble, in which the outcome can fall either way – great success or failure.

Hagalaz is not necessarily a Rune of unfortunate outcomes. Hagalaz drawn as *H* a bridge connecting two sides represents the Rainbow Bridge of Asgard, Bifröst, that connects the highest form of conscious being to all levels of the World Tree. The snowflake version of Hagal, the “seed crystal” has six sides reminiscent of a quartz crystal with all of the potential for conscious being contained in the quartz crystal. There is a quartz crystal called a Dow crystal that has the three and seven sided windows and represents the consciousness of Love. Thus, Hagalaz represents the tremendous potential inherent within all things. For a thing to crystallize is for its potential to come into being. Hela once told me that all children are seed crystals. At the time I was sitting at my son’s All-County Chorus and following Hela’s suggestion I began looking at all the children through the eyes of love, and seeing how uniquely each child utilized their musical talents, which greatly improved my enjoyment of the concert.

When I was new to the Runes, and Hagalaz showed up in a reading, I shrank back from the approaching troubles. But once I learned how to work with and welcome the energies of Hagalaz, I instead anticipate the offer of a new opportunity. Through undergoing challenges, ordeals, or other forms of suffering willingly, I know that once I get to the other side of it, something in my life will be immeasurably better.

Hagalaz also represents the weather, timing of things within the seasons, the recognition of Earth as an ecological unity, and learning to work within the rhythms of Nature instead of coercing one’s own will upon the timing of the situation. Delays and limitations can convert the time to come more favorably toward the outcome one is shaping. There is much to be said for Divine Timing if one has the grace to surrender, accept, and allow.